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Important Dams in Bihar with their details

Important Dams in Bihar with their details

 

Important Dams in Bihar :

  1. Kosi Dam
  2. Sone Dam
  3. Farakka Barrage
  4. Gandak Dam

Kosi Dam in Bihar

Kosi Dam, also known as the Kosi Barrage, is a huge dam located inside the northern Indian state of Bihar. It is placed at the Kosi River, that is a primary tributary of the Ganges. The dam end up constructed within the early 1960s as part of the Kosi Project, which aimed to govern the commonplace floods within the vicinity and offer irrigation water to the encompassing areas.

The Kosi Dam is a tremendous engineering feat, spanning over 1.7 kilometers at some point of the Kosi River. The dam is a concrete gravity shape, this means that that it is based on its weight to withstand the stress of the water inside the returned of it. The dam has a most pinnacle of 16.Seventy six meters and a width of five.Five meters on the crest. The reservoir fashioned by means of the dam has a potential of over thirteen billion cubic meters, making it one among the biggest reservoirs in India.

The Kosi Dam has numerous important features. Firstly, it controls the glide of the Kosi River, that’s infamous for its devastating floods. Before the improvement of the dam, the Kosi River used to trade its path often, leading to tremendous damage to property and loss of lifestyles. The dam has been successful in controlling the river’s glide, decreasing the severity of floods inside the area.

Secondly, the Kosi Dam gives irrigation water to the encircling agricultural lands. The dam has a community of canals that distribute water to the farms inside the area. This has helped to growth the rural productiveness of the vicinity, contributing to the kingdom’s financial device.

However, the Kosi Dam has additionally faced several demanding situations over time. The dam has required considerable renovation and upkeep because of the excessive sediment load of the Kosi River, that can purpose erosion and damage to the dam’s structure. Additionally, the dam has been a supply of struggle amongst India and Nepal, because the Kosi River originates in Nepal and the management of the river’s water sources has been a contentious hassle between the 2 worldwide places.

In end, the Kosi Dam is an vital infrastructure assignment that has helped to manipulate floods and offer irrigation water to the agricultural lands in Bihar. While the dam has faced severa challenges through the years, its contribution to the improvement of the vicinity can’t be understated.

Sone Dam in Bihar

The Sone Dam, also called the Sone Barrage, is a large dam placed in the Indian country of Bihar. It is located on the Sone River, which is a prime tributary of the Ganges. The dam emerge as constructed in the Nineteen Thirties to control the waft of the Sone River and provide irrigation water to the encircling regions.

The Sone Dam is a concrete gravity structure that spans over 3.1 kilometers across the Sone River. It has a most top of 39 meters and a width of 3.7 meters on the crest. The dam has a spillway that permits more water to glide out of the reservoir, stopping floods within the course of heavy rainfall. The reservoir created by way of way of the dam has a functionality of over 5.Five billion cubic meters.

The Sone Dam has numerous essential talents. Firstly, it offers irrigation water to the rural lands inside the surrounding place. The dam has a community of canals that distribute water to the farms in the area, helping to boom agricultural productivity and make contributions to the monetary system of the united states.

Secondly, the Sone Dam generates hydroelectric strength. The dam has a power station with a capacity of 20 megawatts, which substances power to the surrounding areas.

The Sone Dam has faced numerous challenges over time. One of the maximum essential demanding situations is the accumulation of silt in the reservoir, which reduces its garage capability and influences its functioning. The dam calls for regular upkeep and dredging to take away the silt and preserve its performance.

Additionally, the Sone Dam has additionally been a supply of warfare amongst India and Nepal, because the Sone River originates in Nepal and the manipulate of its water assets has been a contentious problem some of the 2 global locations.

In quit, the Sone Dam is an vital infrastructure assignment that gives irrigation water and generates hydroelectric energy to the encircling regions. While it has confronted numerous challenges through the years, its contribution to the improvement of the location cannot be understated.

Farakka Barrage in Bihar

The Farakka Barrage is a massive dam located within the Indian kingdom of Bihar. It is placed on the Ganges River near the border of West Bengal and modified into built within the Seventies. The Farakka Barrage was constructed to govern the waft of the Ganges River and prevent saltwater intrusion from the Bay of Bengal into the freshwater areas of the river.

The Farakka Barrage is a concrete form that spans over 2.2 kilometers throughout the Ganges River. It has a maximum top of sixteen.Seventy six meters and a width of 10.Eight meters on the crest. The dam has a spillway that lets in excess water to float out of the reservoir, stopping floods throughout heavy rainfall. The reservoir created by way of the usage of the dam has a capability of over 9 billion cubic meters.

The Farakka Barrage has several essential competencies. Firstly, it enables to hold the navigability of the Ganges River. The dam has a lock gadget that lets in ships to skip thru, facilitating transportation and change alongside the river.

Secondly, the Farakka Barrage gives irrigation water to the surrounding agricultural lands. The dam has a community of canals that distribute water to the farms inside the vicinity, supporting to growth agricultural productivity and make contributions to the financial system of the nation.

However, the Farakka Barrage has additionally faced numerous disturbing conditions through the years. One of the most important stressful conditions is the buildup of silt within the reservoir, which reduces its storage functionality and impacts its functioning. The dam requires everyday preservation and dredging to get rid of the silt and maintain its overall performance.

Additionally, the Farakka Barrage has been a deliver of controversy and battle among India and Bangladesh. Bangladesh has raised worries approximately the dam’s effect at the downstream waft of the Ganges River, which impacts its agricultural productivity and ingesting water supply.

In end, the Farakka Barrage is an vital infrastructure project that allows to control the glide of the Ganges River and prevent saltwater intrusion. While it has confronted numerous challenges over time, its contribution to the development of the place can’t be understated. However, it’s miles essential to deal with the issues of downstream companies and make sure that the dam’s operations are sustainable and equitable for all stakeholders.

Gandak Dam in Bihar

The Gandak Dam is a big dam placed within the Indian nation of Bihar. It is placed on the Gandak River, that could be a leader tributary of the Ganges. The dam became built in the Sixties to govern the glide of the Gandak River and provide irrigation water to the surrounding areas.

The Gandak Dam is a concrete gravity form that spans over 1.6 kilometers across the Gandak River. It has a most top of 39 meters and a width of three.7 meters at the crest. The dam has a spillway that permits greater water to go with the flow out of the reservoir, stopping floods throughout heavy rainfall. The reservoir created via the dam has a capability of over 4 billion cubic meters.

The Gandak Dam has severa essential functions. Firstly, it affords irrigation water to the rural lands within the surrounding area. The dam has a community of canals that distribute water to the farms inside the area, supporting to increase agricultural productivity and make contributions to the economic system of the dominion.

Secondly, the Gandak Dam generates hydroelectric strength. The dam has a energy station with a potential of 15 megawatts, which components energy to the surrounding areas.

The Gandak Dam has additionally been a supply of cooperation between India and Nepal, because the Gandak River originates in Nepal and the control of its water belongings has been a cooperative effort among the two international locations. The Gandak Treaty, signed between India and Nepal in 1959, gives for the construction and operation of the Gandak Dam via India, at the same time as additionally ensuring that Nepal receives a proportion of the blessings from the challenge.

However, the Gandak Dam has additionally faced several annoying conditions over time. One of the most important worrying conditions is the buildup of silt inside the reservoir, which reduces its storage potential and influences its functioning. The dam calls for regular renovation and dredging to dispose of the silt and preserve its efficiency.

In Conclusion

The Gandak Dam is an crucial infrastructure task that offers irrigation water and generates hydroelectric energy to the encompassing areas. Its cooperative control through using India and Nepal sets an example of world cooperation in water useful useful resource manage. While it has confronted severa stressful situations over the years, its contribution to the improvement of the area can’t be understated.

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